Leipheim

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Leipheim

(DE) ( 48.26.25 N 10.14.00 E) Bayern.

General: 20 Km east north east of Ulm, 2km from the town centre. Einsatzhafen and Leithorst. Also an Industriehafen for Messerschmitt AG.

History:

1935 – ground purchased and construction started.

1937 – 12th Mar 1937 – official handover of the airfield.

Occupied by II./KG 255 (II./KG 55).

Feb 1941 – Me 321V-1 completed at Leipheim.

Mar-Apr 1942 – Flight testing of Me 323V-1 and V2.[1]

18 Jul 1942 – Me 262V-3 flew for the first time.

24 Apr 1944 – 8th Air Force 2 BD targeted Leipheim and Gablingen airfields.[2] Claimed destruction of 4 hangers, damage to six others, five workshops destroyed with one damaged.[3]

19 Jul 1944 – Airfield attacked by B-17s/B-24s.[4]

24 Jul 1944 – P-51s flew a sweep over Leiphein and Lechfeld airfields claiming to have destroyed a number of aircraft on the ground.[5]

12 Sep 1944 – US 15th Air Force attack caused damage to buildings and stores.[6]

18 Nov 1944 – Strafing attack on the airfield by USAAF 4th Fighter Group. 335Th and 336th FS made two passes to neutralise the flak, then 337th FS made four passes to attack the aircraft parked on the airfield.[7] </sup>US aircraft claimed the destruction of 40 Me 262s on the airfield.[8]

18 Jan 1945 stocked up and serviceable for Me 262.[9]

6 Apr 1945 – Runway would be extended to 1700m[10]

9 Apr 1945 – 88 B-24s bombed the airfield[11]

Runway:Orientated SSW to NNE. Originally 1100m (1942) then in 1944 extended to 1420m.

Infrastructure: Apron and taxi ways. Six hangers plus one repair hanger, barracks and administration buildings to the north of the airfield. Rail served fuel dump and refueling points on the souther side of the airfield. Dispersal points and rifle ranges also to the south of the airfield.

Remarks: Me 321/Me 323 Gigant assembly.[12]

Final Assembly Me 262 (Kuno I)[13]

Satellite airfield for LKS 4.

Operational Units: II./KG 255 (1 Mar 1937 – 1 May 1939); I./ KG 76 (21 Sep – Oct 1939); II./KG 55 (3 Feb 1940 – 10 May 1940); Stab./KG 55(9 Feb – 2 Jun 1940); Sdr. GS 22 (Jun 1941 – Jul 1941); Sdr. GS 2 (Jun – Nov 1941); Sdr. GS 4 (Jun 1941 – Jul 1941 and Nov 1941 – Jan 1942); IV./NJG 5 (Dec 1942 – Jan 1943); 5./KGrzbV 300 (25 Mar 1943 – Apr 1943); III./JG 3 (18 Feb – 12 Apr 1944); 3./ZG 76 (21 Mar - 24 Mar 1944); II./ZG 76 detachment (24 Feb 1944 – 24 Mar 1944); III./ZG 76 detachment (Mar 1944); 2./JG 301 (Mar 1944); II./NJG 5 (elements Apr – May 1944); III./ZG 26 (11 May – 23 May 1944); II./KG 51 (23 May – 20 Jul 1944); 8./ZG 26 (11 May – 18 Aug 1944); IV./NJG 6 (Aug – Sep 1944); III./NJG 6 (Oct – Nov 1944); Stab. And II./KG 51 (30 Mar – 21 Apr 1945)

Station Commands: Koflug 4/VII (Jul 19439 – 27 Nov 1942)

Station Units Fl. Pl.Kdo. Leipheim ( - Sep 1944); Fl.H.Kdo 4/VII (Jul 1939 – 27 Nov 1942); Ln Bau Bat 13./VII, Ln.Bau Bat 23./VII, Ln Bau Bat 24./VII and Ln Bau Bat 25./VII (Winter 1942/3 disbanded here); Fl.H. Kdo. E(v) 218/XII (Sep 1944 – 1 Feb 1945); Fl.H.Kdo. E(v) 233/VII (Jan – Feb 1945).

References

  1. Green – Warplanes of the Third Reich.
  2. http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/140.pdf
  3. US Military Intelligence Division, War department – Bomb Damage to German Industries 1 Jan 1943 – 30 Sep 1944
  4. US Military Intelligence Division, War department – WWII Chronology July 1944
  5. http://www.8thafhs.org/combat1944b.htm
  6. US Military Intelligence Division, War department – Bomb Damage to German Industries 1 Jan 1943 – 30 Sep 1944
  7. Osprey - 4th Fighter Group - Debden Eagles By Chris Bucholtz, Chris Davey
  8. US Military Intelligence Division, War department – WWII Chronology November 1944
  9. Ultra T.435/1
  10. Ultra T.517/31
  11. http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/1945/04/09.htm
  12. Green – Warplanes of the Third Reich.
  13. http://www.stormbirds.com/werknummer/centers.htm

Military Airfields Directory - http://www.mil-airfields.de/de/leipheim.htm

Flugplätze der Luftwaffe 1934-1945, Lexicon aller Flugplätze von A-Z - Jürgen Zapf

Germany, List of Air bases – correct to 21.11.41 (A.I.2b).

Fliegerhorst und Einsatzhafen der Luftwaffe - Ries & Dierich

Fliegerhortkommandaturen un Flugplätze der Deutschen Luftwaffe 1939- 45 - Mattiello/Streit.

site:http://www.ww2.dk/

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