KGrzbV 9

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Image:Emblem_Stab_KGrzbV9.jpg The emblem of Stab./KGrzbv9 Image:2_KzbV9.jpg Image:Emblem_2_KGRzbV9.jpg The unit emblem of 2./KGrzbV 9

Image:Emblem_3_KGrzbV9.jpg The unit emblem of 3./KGrzbV 9 Image:Emblem_4_KGrzbV9.jpg The unit emblem of 4./KGrzbV 9

Image:Emblem_KGrzbV9.jpg A short lived emblem used by KGrzbV 9 during the Norwegian Campaign


Aug 1939 - Formed at Eichwalde (East Prussia), Tutow (Mecklenberg) and a number of other airfields in Northern Germany. The gruppe consisted of a Stab and four Staffeln and was activated from elements of FFS(C) Schulen; instrument flying and multi-engined schools.

The original intention was that KGrzbV 9 was to provide transport support for Fallschirmjager-Regiment 2.

17 Aug 1939 – Hptm. Franz Dietrich von Ditfurth ordered for temporary duty as Staka of 4./KgrzbV 9, relinquished this at 02 Oct 1939[1]

23 Aug 1939 - subordinated to Flieger-Division 7 until 14 Sep 1939.

1 Sep 1939 - Under command of Major Torsten-Karl Christ[2]. Moved forward to Aslau (west of Breslau, Silesia) and operated under 7. Fliegerdivision for the attack on Poland. Operating from Aslau, Sagan and Görlitz the Gruppe flew supply missions into Poland.

13 Sep 1939 - On this date the unit flew it's only combat mission of the Polish Campaign. Air-landing troops were flown into Lodz.

15 Sep 1939 - Subordinated to General Quartermaster (Dept. 4) until 28 Sep 1939.

For the remainder of September KGrzbV 9 flew more supply missions.

20 Oct 1939 - KGrzbV 9 was deactivated and the aircraft and crews were returned to the training units from whence they came. The Stab continued to exist.[2]

7 Nov 1939 - Reformed at Jena-Rödingen under Gruppen Kommanduer Maj. Christ and then disbanded on 22 Nov 1939, the Gruppenstab (at Grossenhain) remained on standby.

Jan 1940 - Up until this point KGrzbV 9 had operated under the authority of the Chef des Ausbildungswesens Ob.d.L. (Chief of the Training Command). It was now removed from the control of Chef des Ausbildungswesens Ob.d.L.

12 Jan 1940 - Reformed at Jena-Rödingen and was again subordinated to Flieger-Division 7, this time until 13 May 1940.

19 Jan 1940 - Order issued to disband the unit - however, this was not carried out although appriximately 75% of the crews were replaced.

31 Jan 1940 - Entire Gruppe moved to Neuruppin.

3 Feb 1940 - KGrzbV 9 moved to Hagenow.

Mar 1940 - Gruppe re-activated at Lippspringe (nr. Paderborn). KGrzbV 9 was assigned to Luftflotte 2 for the attacks on Norway/Denmark and France etc. Engaged in ferrying troops and materials to airfields in Northern Germany (an example being Westerland/Sylt).

12 Mar 1940 - KGrzbV 9 moved to Lippspringe.

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
20 Mar 1940 3./KGrzbV 9 Ju 52/3m Hit another aircraft due to engine failure on take-off. Lippspringe[3]
20 Mar 1940 3./KGrzbV 9 Ju 52/3m Hit by another aircraft in a take-off accident. Lippspringe[4]
21 Mar 1940 2./KGrzbV 9 Ju 52/3m 9P+HK 6023 Crashed into a mountain near Iburg. Crew killed.[5]


Apr 1940 - During the first few days of April continued to transport troops in the build up to the Norwegian campaign.

9 Apr 1940 - 6 aircraft from 1./KGrzbV 9 and six from 4./KGrzbV 9 flew a sortie.

18 Apr 1940 - 18 Aircraft transported 4./Res.Flak 111 and 6./IR 355 to Stavanger.

20 Apr 1940 - 21 aircraft carried the remainder of Res. Flak 111 to Stavanger while a further six carried fuels and lubricants to the same location.

21 Apr 1940 - 28 Aircraft from KGrzbV 9 moved III./IR 334 to Oslo.

22 Apr 1940 - 3 Aircraft moved Stab./Luftflotte 5 to Oslo.

29 Apr 1940 - 33 Aircraft from KGrzbV 9 moved the 2cm Flak unit 5./Res.Flak 325 to Trondheim via Oslo. 1 aircraft moved some tetraethyl lead to Oslo.

30 Apr 1940 - More tetraethyl lead was moved to Oslo by 3 aircraft from KGrzbV 9. Some replacement parts were required by ZG 76 in Stavanger - 1 aircraft was detatched to fly them there.

10 May 1940 - This was the opening day of the campaign in the west. KGrzbV 9 flew from Lippsringe, transporting air-landing troops from 22. Infanterie Div. into Holland. Landings took place in the Rotterdam area and around the Hague and between the two cities - KGrzbV 9's Ju 52s put down on airfields, beaches roads and open fields. This unit like many others sustained substantial losses - 39 Ju 52s destroyed or damaged and therefore did not take part in the remains of the campaign.

14 May 1940 - subordinated to the Lufttransportführer.

Dec 1940 - KGrzbV 9 wa sreassigned to Fliegerkorps X and ordered to move to Reggio in southern Italy.

1941 - Ob.Bef.Süd -Medditerranean and Sicily.

12 Jan 1941 - The gruppe finalised it's move to Reggio.

12 Jan 1941 - Two Ju 52/3ms of KGrzbV 9 were destroyed on Catania airfield during a raid by 10 Wellingtons of 148 Sqdn from Malta.[6]

28 Jan 1941 - Ju 52 crashed on Rhodes, in the eastern Aegean. Maj. Helmut Frohne (a Staffelkapitan) was killed in this crash together with three other crew members.

3 Feb 1941 - An accident occured on Trapani airfield - a Ju 52 (5364) of KGrzbV 9 rammed a Ju 87.

5 Feb 1941 – Crew of a Ju 52/3m reported being attacked by a fighter near Benghazi, gunner Uffz Heinz Schneuder was wounded.[7]

9 Feb 1941 - A Ju 52 (5090) crash landed at Palermo airfield, three of those on board were injured.

17 Feb 1941 - a Ju 52 from 1./KGrzbV 9 (4V+EH, 7055) crashed into the Straits of Messina, all four of the crew being reported as missing.

24 Apr 1941 – Hptm. Joachim Blechschmidt Staka 2./KgrzbV 9.[1]

22 Jun 1941 - Feb 1942 - KGrzbV 9 assigned to VIII. Fliegerkorps for the advance on Moscow.

11 Jul 1941 - KGrzbV 9 was employed to transport fuel from Biala Podlaska (Eastern Poland) to Bobruisk, southeast of Minsk in support of the advancing armies.

17 Jul 1941 - While at Demidov a Ju52/3m of 2./KGrzbV 9 was damaged while taxing.

Oct-Nov 1941 - Operated from Gomel-Nord and Seshchinskaya airfields transporting fuel, supplies and ammunitions in support of the Jagd, Stuka and Panzer gruppen in the forefront of the attack on Moscow.

1942

Jan 1942 - based at Vitebsk.

10 Feb 1942 - ordered from Vitebsk to Pskov-Sud as one of the first units assigned to the relief of the Demyansk pocket.

Image:Junkers_Ju-52_during_the_Demyansk_airlift_Feb_1942_02_ajpg.jpg

19 Feb 1942 - Demyansk until 19 Mar 1942.

25 Feb 1942 – Seven Ju 52/3ms of KGrzbV 9 landed on the small temporary landing ground at Kholm. Soviet aircraft then attacked the landing ground and four of the Ju 52s were damaged.

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
25 Feb 1942 KGrvbV 9 JU 52/3m 6062 Damaged in a bombing attack on Fl.Pl. Kholm
25 Feb 1942 KGrvbV 9 JU 52/3m BJ+EN 3178 Damaged in a bombing attack on Fl.Pl. Kholm. Oblt. Schubert and Ofw. Karl Hansen killed.
25 Feb 1942 KGrvbV 9 JU 52/3m 6955 Damaged in a bombing attack on Fl.Pl. Kholm.


Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
2 Mar 1942 4./KGrvbV 9 Ju 52/3m 4V+AMH -SE+HU 6132 Lost between Dno and Demyansk. 100%. Uffz Karl Meyer, Fw. Gerhard Gnida and Uffz. Jakob Gerhardy all killed and Ogefr. Herbert Geyer missing.
2 Mar 1942 KGrvbV 9 Ju 52/3m 2971 Rammed by Ju 52/3m W.Nr. 5097 on take-off at Demyansk. 100%.
2 Mar 1942 KGrvbV 9 Ju 52/3m 5097 Rammed Ju 52/3m 2971 on take-off at Demyansk –unknown amount of damage
6 Mar 1942 KGrvbV 9 Ju 52/3m 7105 Rammed by a Ju 88 at Pleskau-Sud 70%
6 Mar 1942 KGrvbV 9 Ju 52/3m NJ+KT 7371 Rammed by a Ju 88 at Pleskau-sud. 70 %, Uffz. Kurt Golinek injured.

23 Nov 1942 - Stalingrad airlift until 2 Feb 1943.

Early Dec 1942 – under command of Oberst Adolf Jäckl.[1]

5 Dec 1942 – Ju 52 (Wkr.No. 3251) crashed at Tasinskaja due to engine trouble, the aircraft suffered 50% damage.[8]

22 Jan 1943 - Two Ju 52s from KGzbV 9 crashed in bad weather and poor visibility between Sverevo and Stalingrad, killing both crews.

Feb 1943 - Kuban Airlift.Operated as one of the four units subordinate to the Lufttransportführer Oberst Morzik and Oberstleutnant Jäckl (who retained command of KgrzbV 9.[2].

Image:Ju 52_9.jpg


Image:Ju 52_9_b.jpg

May 1943 - Re-organisation of the Transportverbände

Stab./KGrzbV 9 became Stab./TG 3[9]

1./KGrzbV 9 became 1./TG 3[9]

2./KGrzbV 9 became 2./TG 3[9]

3./KGrzbV 9 became 3./TG 3[9]

4./KGrzbV 9 became 4./TG 3[9]

5./KGrzbV 9 was disbanded around this date.[9]


Operational Codes

Until Jan 1941 KGrzbV 9 was assigned the operational code 9P at this time the gruppe was assigned the new code 4V.[9]

At a tactical level KGrzbV 9 tended to paint a "9" on the rudder of its Ju 52/3ms, usually in white (please refer to the photos on this page for examples.

Image:Ju-52-KGrzb9.JPG

See Also

Demyansk and Kholm

Kuban

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Stankey/de Zeng IV – Career summaries- Luftwaffe officers 1939-45
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Forsyth, Robert – Junkers Ju 52 a History 1930-1945 – Classic.
  3. Cornwell, Peter - The Battle of France Then and Now p151
  4. Cornwell, Peter – The Battle of France Then and Now p151
  5. Cornwell, Peter – The Battle of France Then and Now p152
  6. Shores, Christopher et al - Malta, the Hurricane Years.
  7. Cull and Mintern- Hurricanes over Tobruk.
  8. Luftwaffe Quartermaster Loss Returns 4 Feb 1943
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 Rosch, Barry - Luftwaffe Codes, Markings and Units 1939-45

Rosch, Barry - Luftwaffe Codes, Markings and Units 1939-45

Kössler, Karl - Transporter - wer kennt sie schon!

Pegg, Martin - Transporter Vol.1

Morzik, Fritz - German Air Force Airlift Operations

Dierich, Wolfgang - Die Verbande der Luftwaffe.

Luftwaffe Verband No 1 - Jan 1995

Luftwaffe Verband No 2 - Apr 1995

Luftwaffe Verband No 3 - Jul 1995

Luftwaffe Verband No 7 - Jul 1996

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