BFGr. 196

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For the most part this unit carried the operational code T3 although 5./BFGr 196 also carried the code 6W.

Contents

Stab./BFGr 196

Formed Dec 1937[1] (another source[2] indicates that the Stab was formed at Aalborg in Sep 1943).

Bug/Rügen – 15 Oct 1944 – 27 Feb 1945[3]

Disbanded May 1945

Gruppenkommandeure

Maj Gerrit Wiegmink, 9.43 - 4.44

Maj Schmidt, 4.44 - 1944

1./BFGr 196

Formed Apr 1936[1]


This staffel initially deployed it's aircraft on the major surface vessels of the Kreigsmarine and it, alongside 5./BFGr 196, was the first operational user of the Ar 196.

1938 – Wilhelmshaven, flying He 60 and Ar 196. Staffelkäpitan – Maj. Hermann Lessing.[4]

1 Sep 1939 - 1./BFGr 196 had its home base at Wilhelmhaven, operated He 60s and was commanded by Major Lessing.[5]

he flying crews of 1./196 on this date were made up as follows:

Flugzeugführer - Lt. z. S. Luther, Lt. z. S. Schreck. Ofw. Kroll. Fw. Haberkorn, Fw, Wollermann, Uffz. Bongardts. Uffz. Gallinat. Uffz. Ritter. Uffz. Schmid, Uffz. Schürmann. Uffz. Mehrmann, Uffz. Hagendorf and Uffz. Ludwig.

Beobachter – Oblt. z. S. Kell. Oblt. z. S. Albring, Oblt. z. S. Hunnius. Oblt. z. S. Quaet-Faslem, Oblt. z. S. Siegmann. Oblt. z. S. Schrewe, Oblt. z. S. Spiring and Lt. z. S. Junker.[4]


Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
9 Apr 1940 1./196 Ar 196 T3+FH 0049 Destroyed in the sinking of the Karlsberg by a British submarine (HMS Truant).[6]
10 Apr 1940 1./196 Ar 196 T3+HH Destroyed in the sinking of the Königsberg in Bergen harbour. Later salvaged[7]

Image:T3-HH.jpg

End June 1940 - Ar 196 with the crew of Obtl. Schrewe (B) and Fw Gallinat (F) operating from Stavanger on anti-submarine patrols.

3 Jul 1940 - 5 Arados were moved to Stavanger-Sola. Their crews (Beobachter - Flugzeugführer)were:

Hptm. Wiegmink - Lt. z. S. Schlenker

Oblt. z. S. Junker - Oblt. Schreck

Lt. z. S. Stelter - Uffz. Stamp

Lt.z.S. Hane - Uffz. Elke

Lt. z. S. Gottschalk - Uffz. Manjok[8]

The following aircraft and crews were recorded as lost with the "Bismark"

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
3 Jan 1941 1./196 He 115 2729 Sustained 50% damage in a storm at Brest.[9]
7 Jan 1941 1./196 Ar 196A-2 0047 35% Damaged in a crashlanding on the island of Bornholm.[10]

28 Mar 1941 - Scharnhorst's Ar 196s transferred from the ship. Unfortunately, due to adverse weather conditions, both aircraft had to make emergency landings.


Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
28 Mar 1941 1./196 Ar 196A-2 6W+HN 60 100% crashed due to bad weather en-route for Osteende. Ofw. Johannes Westphal (F) missing, Lt.z.See Karl-Adolf Schlitt (B) injured. The aircraft was on the strength of 5./196 while the crew came from 1./196.[11]
28 Mar 1941 1./196 AR 196 T3+AK Emergency landing at Dunkirk. Crew safe.
27 May 1941 1./196 Ar 196 T3+DL 0123 Destroyed in the sinking of the Bismark. Crew Oblt. Siegfrieg Muhling (B) and Fw. Josef Kempfle(F) killed[12]
27 May 1941 1./196 Ar 196 T3+MK 0150 Destroyed in the sinking of the Bismark.Crew, Lt. Martin Lango (B) and Fw. Werner Secliger (F) killed.[12]
27 May 1941 1./196 Ar 196 T3+AK 0110 Destroyed in the sinking of the Bismark.Crew, Lt. Rolf Hanbruch (B) and Fw. Oskar Anderson (F) killed.[12]
27 May 1941 1./196 Ar 196 T3+IH 0052 Destroyed in the sinking of the Bismark.Crew, Lt. Gunter Lademann (B) and Uffz. Ernst Lango (F) killed.[12]



25 Aug 1941 - half of the staffel transfered to Stavanger (Norway) and came under the control of Luftflotte 5. [13]

Image:Ar_196_of_BFGr._196.jpg

T3+LH Prior to the 100th catapult launch from the Tirpitz (crew Uffz Meissner (Pilot) Lt Wilhelm Rosenbaum (Observer)) this took place in the Summer of 1943.[14]

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
1 Sep 1941 1./196 Ar 196A 232 100% Lost at sea off the north Norwegian coast – reason not given, crew uninjured[15]

9 Sep 1943 - The Ar 196s of 1./196 on Tirpitz

Unit Aircraft Type Code Ship Notes
1./196 Ar 196 T3+EH Tirpitz Crew Wagner and Albera[16]
1./196 Ar 196 T3+GH Tirpitz Crew Talle and Zeissler[17]
1./196 Ar 196 T3+FH Tirpitz Crew Rosenbaum and Scharmacher[18]
Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
15 Sep 1941 1./196 Ar 196A 265 60% damaged while operating from the Scharnhorst – crashlanded at sea. No crew casualties[19]

2 Nov 1944 – 27 Feb 1945 – Bug/Rügen[20]

May 1945 - Disbanded

2./BFGr 196

Formed during 1939[1]

9 Sep 1943 - The Ar 196s of 2./196 on Scharnhorst

Unit Aircraft Type Code Ship Notes
2./196 Ar 196 T3+EK Scharnhorst Crew Hallensleben and Bruns[21]
2./196 Ar 196 T3+JK Scharnhorst Crew Fiedler and Zadowski and Zeissler[22]

Image:196_T3.jpg

Image:Ar_196.jpg

15 Oct 1944 – Bug/Rügen[23]

2 Nov 1944 – Bug/Rügen[23]

6 Feb 194527 Feb 1945 – Bug/Rügen[23]

Apr 1945 - disbanded.

3./BFGr 196

Formed Aug 1940[1]

Image:Ar_196_warship.jpg

T3+HL aboard a heavy unit of the German Fleet


Image:Ar_196_on_beaching_trolley.jpg

Disbanded Jun 1943

Jun 1943 - Reformed from Erpr. Kdo 20 at Keil-Holtenau[24]


Finally disbanded Jul 1944

4(Erg)./BFGr 196

Formed Feb 1941[1]

Became 2./Aufkl.Gr.125 (See) Apr 1941.

5./BFGr 196

Formed from 1./Ku.Fl.Gr. 406 Jul 1937[1]

This staffel deployed it's aircraft on the major surface vessels of the Kreigsmarine and it, alongside 1./BFGr 196, was the first operational user of the Ar 196.

1938 – Staffelkäpitan – Hptm Grohé.[25].

3 Sep 1939 - 5./BFGr 196 had its home base at Kiel/Holtenau, operated He 60s and Ar 196s and was commanded by Hptm Wibel.[26].

1 Nov 1940 – the following ships had crews (Beobachter – Flugzeugführer) allocated as listed below:-

Nürnberg - Oblt. z. S. Hellwig - Uffz. Koch

Leipzig - Oblt. z. S. Schubert - Uffz. Lutz

Königsberg - Oblt.z.S. Mühling - Uffz. Marek

Admiral Hipper - Oblt. z. S. Techam - Fw. Bochen[27]

9 Apr 1940 - 5./BFGr 196 lost three Ar 196 aircraft in the sinking of the heavy cruiser Blücher in Oslofjord.[28]

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
17 May 1940 5./196 Ar 196A-2 6W+RN 0075 Crashed during AS patrol in Kattegat. Uffz. Heinz Büttcher (F) was reported missing. Lt.z.See Günther Mehrens (B) killed[29]

15 June 1940 – the Stellenbesetzungsliste[30] was as follows

Staffelkapitän: Hptm. Grohé

Crews: (Beobachter - Flugzeugführer):

Oblt. z. S. Hellwig - Hptm. Grohé

Lt. z. S. Burk - Oblt. Randerath

Lt.z.S. Ahl - Oblt. Schmidt

Lt. z. S. Behrmann - Lt. Müller

Lt. z. S. Hirschberg - Fw. Nowack

Lt. z. S. Friis - Fw. Sackritz

Lt. z. S. Meyer - Fw Koch

Lt. z. S. Schmidt - Uffz. Moritz

Lt. z. S. Schaafhausen - Uffz. Kottwitz

Lt.z.S. Filter-Uffz. Kreutzfeld

Lt. z. S. Schramm - Uffz. Schenk

Fw. Schmitz - Uffz. Schwarz

- Uffz. Duismann

Reserve: (on leave):

Oblt. z. S. Uhling - Uffz. Jox

Lt. z. S. Hirtz - Uffz. Eschborn

- Uffz. Steenbock, Uffz. Groß,

Uffz. Kreutzfeld

Missing: Lt.z.S. Mahrens, Uffz. Böttcher.

23 Jun 1940 - Staffel transferd to Hommelvik (near Trondheim)[31]

19 Aug 1940 - An Ar 196A (W Nr. 0053)on a convoy escort mission in Moldefjord struck a power line and crashed killing the crew (Uffz Martin Eichhorn and Lt.z.S. Alois Hirschberger.[31] The unit then sent out a number of sorties to search for the missing aircraft, during these operations a further Ar 196A-2 (W Nr 0064) flew into a mountain near Midsundvatnek and crashed - the crew, consisting of Uffz Vincent Scharz and Lt.z.S. Ulrich Burk were also killed.[31]

20 Aug 1940 - Staffel suffered further losses due to the weather conditions.


Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
20 Aug 1940 5./196 Ar 196 6W+I? 0056 Destroyed in a storm at Narvik[32]
20 Aug 1940 5./196 Ar 196 6W+QM 0073 20% damaged in a storm at Narvik[33]


Image:AR 196A.jpg Ar 196 aboard an Admiral Hipper class heavy cruiser.

2 Oct 1940 - Ar 196A stalled and struck the water during only its second lauch fronm the Auxiliary cruiser Komet. Crew Fw Fuchs (pilot) and Lt.z.S. Lindemann (observer)[34]

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
31 Dec 1940 5./196 Ar 196 012 Lost in bad weather near the island of Alderney, Channel islands.[35]



Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
8 Feb 1941 5./196 Ar 196A-4 6W+ON 0129 (BB+YC). 100% about 4 miles south of Dodman Point in Cornwall. Shot down by a Westland Whirlwind of No. 263 Sq. RAF piloted by P/O Graham.

Apparently, he was himself shot down by return fire from the Arado. The crew were:

Oblt. Adolf Berger (F + St.kap.) and Lt.z.See Hans-Erich Hirzt (B) both killed.[36]

22 Apr 1941 5./196 Ar 196A-3 0167 100% Hourtin. Crashed during air combat practice. Lt.z.See

Wolrad Nicol (B) and Fw. Rudi Koch (F) both killed.[37]

19 May 1941 5./196 Ar 196A-4 6W+EN 0120 (GA+DT) 100% English Channel. Shot down by RAF

Hurricanes. Lt.z.See Karl-Ernst Schmidt (B) and Ofw. Günther Nowak (F) both missing.[38]

Jul-Aug 1942 – Stationed at Brest-Süd (Poulmic-Lanveoc) with detachments in Hourtin.[39]

18 Jul 1942 - Ofw Jost claimed a Wellington.[40]

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
31 Aug 1942 5./196 Ar 196A-3 6W+QN 0183 Lost in unknown circumstances.

Fw. Erwin Oltmanns (F) and Lt.Z.See Georg Holm (B) missing[41]

1 Sep 1942 5./196 Ar 196A 6W+?N 0163 Lost in Morgat Bay (south of Brest), it crashed due to pilot error. Ofw. Fritz Siering (F) and Lt.Heinz-Eckhardt Cieszko (B) missing[42]


Jul 1943 - Became 1./SAGr 128



6./BFGr 196

Formed May 1943[1]

Disbanded Jan 1945

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Rosch, Barry - Luftwaffe Codes, Markings and Units 1939-45
  2. Holm, Michael - http://www.ww2.dk/air/seefl/bfgr196.htm
  3. Tessin band 16 page 90
  4. 4.0 4.1 Bordflieger im Einsatz 1939-45
  5. Wydawnictwo Militaria 61 - Niemieckie lotnnictwo morskie 1939-45
  6. Kriegstagebuch 5./196 “Karhlsruhe”
  7. See photo on this page http://freespace.virgin.net/john.dell/sinking_of_the_konigsberg.htm
  8. Bordflieger im Einsatz 1939-45 p57/58.
  9. Luftwaffe Quartermaster Loss Returns 8 Jan 1941
  10. Luftwaffe Quartermaster Loss Returns 9 Jan 1941
  11. TOCH postings by Jorn Junker, Seaplanes etc 21 Feb 2008.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Luftwaffe Quartermaster Loss Returns 30 May 1941
  13. Green, William - Warplanes of the Third Reich
  14. Goss, Chris - Luftwaffe Seaplanes 1939-45
  15. Luftwaffe Quartermaster Loss Returns 9 Sep 1942 entry no 74
  16. Posting by Jorn Junker to LEMB Aug 18 2007,
  17. Posting by Jorn Junker to LEMB Aug 18 2007,
  18. Posting by Jorn Junker to LEMB Aug 18 2007,
  19. Luftwaffe Quartermaster Loss Returns 19 Sep 1942 entry no 26
  20. Tessin band 16 page 90
  21. Posting by Jorn Junker to LEMB Aug 18 2007,
  22. Posting by Jorn Junker to LEMB Aug 18 2007,
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Tessin band 16 page 90
  24. Holm, Michael - http://www.ww2.dk/air/seefl/bfgr196.htm note that Holm gives the formation date as Oct 1943.
  25. Bordflieger im Einsatz 1939-45
  26. Wydawnictwo Militaria 61 - Niemieckie lotnnictwo morskie 1939-45
  27. Bordflieger im Einsatz 1939-45 p30
  28. Hooton , E.R.- Phoenix Triumphant
  29. TOCH post by Seaplanes 30 June 2008
  30. Bordflieger im Einsatz 1939-45 p74
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 Luftwaffe im Focus No 8
  32. Luftwaffe Quartermaster Loss Returns 11 Sep 1940
  33. Luftwaffe Quartermaster Loss Returns 11 Sep 1940
  34. Luftwaffe im Focus No 4
  35. Luftwaffe Quartermaster Loss Returns 3 Jan 1941
  36. TOCH Posting by Seaplanes 20 Feb 2008
  37. TOCH Posting by Seaplanes 20 Feb 2008
  38. TOCH Posting by Seaplanes 20 Feb 2008
  39. TOCH posting by Seaplanes 17 Apr 2011
  40. TOCH posting by Chris Goss 17 Apr 2011
  41. Luftwaffe Quartermaster Loss Returns 3 Sep 1942 entry no 79
  42. Luftwaffe Quartermaster Loss Returns 3 Sep 1942 entry no 80


Links

Kriegstagebuch 5./196 “Karhlsruhe”

T3


Go to Bookie’s (Andrew Arthy's) Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Site and select the link "THE FOCKE-WULF 190 WITH 5./B.F.Gr. 196, 1./S.A.Gr. 128 AND 10./Z.G. 1" for an excellent article recounting some of the history of 5./196.

See the Ar 196 Wikipedia entry

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