Kalamaki

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aka Athens-Kalamaki


Contents

General

Fliegerhorst

Played a major role in the air war over the eastern Mediterranean and North Africa.[1]

27-30 Apr 1941 - Taken over by the Luftwaffe. [2]

27 Jun 1943– both Eleusis and Kalamaki airfields bombed by about 50 B-24's; at Kalamaki, hangar and dispersal areas were left in flames; hits claimed to have been scored on the runway; 5 planes observed burning on ground; in the general combat, the Allied aircraft claimed 4 Axis planes shot down and 3 probably destroyed.[3]

15 Nov 1943 - Force of 45 B-25's escorted by 36 P-38s bombed Kalamaki airfield, damaging landing areas and hangars;large fires and explosions were claimed to have taken place.[4]

17 Nov 1943 - 36 escorted B-25's drop 32 tons of explosive on Kalamaki, starting fires among hangars and marked aircraft; 10-12 Axis planes attempt interception; 2 were claimed as shot down.[5]

6 Dec 1943 - Kalamaki airdrome bombed by 56 B-17's; target believed well covered with HE and fragmentation bombs; of an estimated 20 intercepting aircraft, 6 were claimed as shot down, 4 probably, and 4 damaged - the attacking force lost of 1 bomber.[6]

14 Dec 1943- Kalamaki and Eleusis airfields at Athens were bombed by 80 B-17s dropping 236 tons of explosive, the attacking force claimed that the bombs thoroughly covered the target areas[7]

13 Sep 1944 - During night 92 Wellingtons, B-24s, and Halifaxes drop 194 tons of bombs on 3 enemy airfields near Athens(Eleusis, Kalamaki, and Tatoi) claiming fair to excellent results.[8]

14 Sep 1944 - Eleusis,Tatoi, and Kalamaki airfields are again targets for 84 B-24s and Wellingtons which drop 202.4 tons and claim good to excellent results.[9]

15 Sep 1944- Force of 327 heavy bombers escorted by 84 P-51s attacked Salamis submarine base and Eleusis, Kalamaki, and Tatoi airfields with 686.8 tons of bombs; damage claimed included 51 enemy planes destroyed on the airfields, various warships sunk or damaged and 200 Germans reportedly killed.[10]

24 Sep 1944 - 252 B-24s successfully dropped 473 tons of bombs on airfields at Kalamaki, Eleusis, and Tatoi.[11]

4 Oct 1944– Kalamaki, Eleusis and Tatoi in Athens area strafed by P-51s, 9 planes claimed as destroyed on ground and a further 21 damaged.[12]

6 Oct 1944- Eleusis, Tatoi, Kalamaki, and Megara fields attacked by 53 P-51s which claimed the destruction of 5 planes, an ammunition dump, MG and oil dump and damage to a further 10 planes.[13]


9 Oct 1944 – Claiming fair to good results, 19 Wellingtons attacked Tatoi, Eleusis, and Kalamaki airfields near Athens throughout night dropping 44.35 tons of bombs with hits on landing ground,hangars, and buildings.[14]


Air Units[15]

Stab./JG 27 (Jul 1943 – Oct 1943, also 3 Dec 1943 – Mar 1944)

IV./JG 27 (formed at Kalamaki in May 1943. may 1943 – 17 Jul 1943, 8 Sep 1943 – 18 Sep 1943 and through to 28 Oct 1943 - one staffel was based at Gadurra during Oct 1943)

5./JG 51 (31 May 1944 – 27 Jun 1944)

9./KG 4 (26 Oct 1942 – 31 Dec 1942)

II./KG 26 (Nov 1941 – Mar 1942)

II/KG 100 (21 Apr 1942 – 10 Apr 1943) – NB between 10 Oct 1942 and Jan 1943 part of II./KG100 was to be found at Catania and Comiso.

Einsatzstaffel/KG 100 (Apr 1943 – Nov 1943) – used Eleusis as a reserve airfield.

Kdo. Koch – formed at Kalamaki Jul 1942 from elements of II./KG 100.

3(F)./33 (16 Mar 1944 – 31 Mar 1944 and 9 May 1944 – 25 Sep 1944)

1(F)./122 (Jun 1943 – 24 Mar 1944)

I./NJG 2 (4 Jan 1942 – 16 Jan 1942)

1.(Go)/VK(S) 2 (Sdep 1942 – Dec 1942)

Sanitäts-Flugbereitschaft 7 (Apr 1941 – Sep 1944)

Station Units[16]

Fl.H.Kdtr. E 17/VI (Jul 1941 – Apr 1941)

Fl.H.Kdtr. E (v) 204/XVII (1 Apr 1944 – Oct 1944)


Other Assigned Units[17]

leichte Flak-Abteilung 891 (v) (Oct 1942 – Oct 1944)

gemischte Flak-Abteilung 805 (v) (Oct 1941 – Oct 1942)

I./Flak-Regiment 19 (gem. mot.) (May 1941)

Stab./Luftnachrichten-Regiment ObdL (Nov 1942)

References

  1. Larry deZeng – Post to TOCH 30 Dec 2009
  2. Larry deZeng – Post to TOCH 30 Dec 2009
  3. Jun 1943 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  4. Nov 1943 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  5. Nov 1943 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  6. Dec 1943 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  7. Dec 1943 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  8. Sep 1944 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  9. Sep 1944 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  10. Sep 1944 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  11. Sep 1944 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  12. Oct 1944 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  13. Oct 1944 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  14. Oct 1944 World War II Chronology - Military Intellegence Division, US War Department.
  15. www.ww2.dk – The Luftwaffe 1939-45 – Michael Holm
  16. www.ww2.dk – The Luftwaffe 1939-45 – Michael Holm
  17. www.ww2.dk – The Luftwaffe 1939-45 – Michael Holm
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